ebook Lithium Batteries 2023

International Transport Regulations 22 Each damaged or defective cell or battery or equipment containing such cells or batteries shall be individually packed in inner packaging and placed inside an outer packaging. A cell or battery with a net mass of more than 30 kg shall be limited to one cell or battery per outer packaging. Each inner packaging shall be surrounded by sufficient non-combustible and electrically nonconductive thermal insulation material to protect against a dangerous evolution of heat. Non combustibility shall be assessed according to a standard recognized in the country where the packaging is designed or manufactured. Appropriate measures shall be taken to minimize the effects of vibrations and shocks, prevent movement of the cells or batteries within the package that may lead to further damage and a dangerous condition during carriage. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and electrically non-conductive may also be used to meet this requirement. The inner packaging or outer packaging shall be leak-proof to prevent the potential release of electrolyte. For leaking cells or batteries, sufficient inert absorbent material shall be added to the inner or outer packaging to absorb any release of electrolyte. Cells and batteries LIABLE TO DANGEROUSLY REACT during transport Cells and batteries liable to rapidly disassemble, dangerously react, produce a flame or a dangerous evolution of heat or a dangerous emission of toxic, corrosive or flammable gases or vapours under normal conditions of carriage. They may be transported according Packing Instructions P911 and LP906. The packing procedures require approved packagings of packing group I performance level and shall be capable of meeting the following additional performance requirements: a. The outside surface temperature of the completed package shall not have a temperature of more than 100°C. A momentary spike in temperature up to 200°C is acceptable; b. No flame shall occur outside the package; c. No projectiles shall exit the package; d. The structural integrity of the package shall be maintained; and e. The packagings shall have a gas management system (e.g. filter system, air circulation, containment for gas, gas tight packaging etc.), as appropriate. In ADR, in this case, the cells and batteries are assigned to transport category 0. Packages shall be marked “DAMAGED/DEFECTIVE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES” or “DAMAGED/DEFECTIVE LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES”, as applicable. Cells or batteries shall be protected against short circuit. Alternative packing and/or carriage conditions may be authorized by the competent authority of any ADR Contracting Party. 1.3.5 Packages containing a combination of lithium batteries "packed with" and "contained in" equipment ADR 2021 & 2023 IMDG 40-20 &41-22 SP390 - When a package contains a combination of lithium batteries contained in equipment and lithium batteries packed with equipment, the following requirements apply for the purposes of package marking and documentation: (a) the package shall be marked “UN 3091” or “UN 3481”, as appropriate. If a package contains both lithium ion batteries and lithium metal batteries packed with and contained in equipment, the package shall be marked as