Copyright © www.batteriestransport.org 152 2.4.1 CELLS AND BATTERIES DAMAGED & DEFECTIVE – Not Critical Non liable to dangerously react during transport Applies to: Lithium ion and lithium metal cells and batteries, damaged or defective, including those contained in equipment UN No., Proper Shipping Name UN 3090, LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES or UN 3091, LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT UN 3480, LITHIUM ION BATTERIES or UN 3481, LITHIUM ION BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT Class 9 Packing Group n/a Hazard Label • Labels must be in the form of a square set at an angle of 45° (diamond-shaped) with minimum dimensions of 100 mm by 100 mm; except for air transport mode, labels dimensions may be reduced in the case of packages of such dimensions that they can only bear smaller labels. • They must have a line 5 mm inside the edge and running parallel with it. Prerequisite • Cells and batteries liable to rapidly disassemble, dangerously react, produce a flame or a dangerous evolution of heat or a dangerous emission of toxic, corrosive or flammable gases or vapours under normal conditions of carriage, shall be carried according P911 and LP906 (see § 2.4.2) or under conditions specified by the competent authority. Transport mode ADR IMDG IATA Forbidden Cells and batteries identified by the manufacturer as being defective for safety reasons, or that have been damaged, that have the potential of producing a dangerous evolution of heat, fire or short circuit are forbidden for transport (e.g. those being returned to the manufacturer for safety reasons); Special Provisions 376 376 Lithium ion cells or batteries and lithium metal cells or batteries identified as being damaged or defective such that they do not conform to the type tested according to the applicable provisions of the Manual of Tests and Criteria shall comply with the requirements of this special provision. For the purposes of this special provision, these may include, but are not limited to: - Cells or batteries identified as being defective for safety reasons; - Cells or batteries that have leaked or vented; - Cells or batteries that cannot be diagnosed prior to carriage; or - Cells or batteries that have sustained physical or mechanical damage. NOTE: In assessing a cell or battery as damaged or defective, an assessment or evaluation shall be performed based on safety criteria from the cell, battery or product manufacturer or by a technical expert with knowledge of the cell’s or battery’s safety features. An assessment or evaluation may include, but is not limited to, the following criteria: (a) Acute hazard, such as gas, fire, or electrolyte leaking; (b) The use or misuse of the cell or battery; (c) Signs of physical damage, such as deformation to cell or battery casing, or colours on the casing; (d) External and internal short circuit protection, such as voltage or isolation measures; (e) The condition of the cell or battery safety features; or (f) Damage to any internal safety components, such as the battery management system.” Cells and batteries shall be packed in accordance with packing instructions P908 or LP904, as applicable Packing instructions P908 P908 Use only approved packaging conforming to Packing Group II performance level: • Drums (1A2, 1B2, 1N2, 1H2, 1D, 1G); • Boxes (4A, 4B, 4N, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2) • Jerricans (3A2, 3B2, 3H2) A cell or battery with a net mass of more than 30 kg shall be limited to one cell or battery per outer packaging. LP904 LP904 Large packagings are authorized for a single damaged or defective battery and for a single item of equipment. Use only approved large packaging conforming to Packing Group II performance level, made of: • steel (50A) • rigid plastics (50H) • aluminium (50B) • plywood (50D) • metal other than steel or aluminium (50N) Packing requirements Each damaged or defective battery or equipment containing such a battery shall be individually packed in an inner packaging and placed inside an outer packaging. The inner packaging or outer packaging shall be leak- proof to prevent the potential release of electrolyte. Each inner packaging shall be surrounded by sufficient non-combustible and non-conductive thermal insulation material to protect against a dangerous evolution of heat. Sealed packagings shall be fitted with a venting device when appropriate. Appropriate measures shall be taken to minimize the effects of vibrations and shocks, prevent movement of the battery within the package that may lead to further damage and a dangerous condition during carriage. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and non-conductive may also be used to meet this requirement. Non combustibility shall be assessed according to a standard recognized in the country where the packaging is designed or manufactured. For leaking batteries, sufficient inert absorbent material shall be added to the inner or outer packaging to absorb any release of electrolyte. Batteries shall be protected against short circuit. Weight limit No limit No limit Tunnel code (E) - Transport category 2 - Exemptions chapter 126.96.36.199 - limit ≤ 333 kg Net - Marking and Labelling of Packages UN 3090 or UN 3091 or UN 3480 or UN 3481 DAMAGED/DEFECTIVE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES or DAMAGED/DEFECTIVE LITHIUMMETAL BATTERIES UN 3090, LITHIUMMETAL BATTERIES or UN 3091, LITHIUMMETAL BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT or UN 3480, LITHIUM ION BATTERIES or UN 3481, LITHIUM ION BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT DAMAGED/DEFECTIVE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES or DAMAGED/DEFECTIVE LITHIUMMETAL BATTERIES Overpack OVERPACK + same labels as above OVERPACK + same labels as above Documents Transport document The transport document shall include the following statement “Transport in accordance with special provision 376”. MDGF The transport document shall include the following statement “Transport in accordance with special provision 376”.