ebook Lithium Batteries 2023

International Transport Regulations 17 1.2 Definitions “ADR” means the Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road. “Approved packagings” means packagings manufactured under a quality assurance programme, which satisfies the competent authority, conform to the prototype which has passed specific tests. “Automotive battery” means any battery used for automotive starter, lighting or ignition power; “Industrial battery” means any battery designed for industrial or professional uses or used in any type of electric vehicle “Battery” means two or more cells which are electrically connected together and fitted with devices necessary for use, for example, case, terminals, marking and protective devices. A single cell lithium battery is considered a "cell”. "Battery pack" means any set of primary or rechargeable cells or batteries that are connected together and/or encapsulated within an outer casing so as to form a complete unit that the end-user is not intended to split up or open. Note: “battery packs”, “modules” or “battery assemblies” having the primary function of providing a source of power to another piece of equipment, for the purposes of this manual are treated as batteries. "Button cell" means any small round portable battery or accumulator whose diameter is greater than its height. “Cell” means a single encased electrochemical unit (one positive and one negative electrode) which exhibits a voltage differential across its two terminals. Note: Under the International Dangerous Goods Regulations and the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, to the extent the encased electrochemical unit meets the definition of “cell”, it is a “cell”, not a “battery”, regardless of whether the unit is termed a “battery” or a “single cell battery” outside of regulations and the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria . "Consignee" means any person, organization or government which is entitled to take delivery of a consignment "Consignor" means any person, organization or government which prepares a consignment for transport; “IATA DGR” means the International Air Transport Association - Dangerous Goods Regulation "IMDG Code" means the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, “Large packaging” means a packaging consisting of an outer packaging which contains articles or inner packaging and which a) is designed for mechanical handling b) exceeds 400 kg net mass or 450 litres capacity but has a volume of not more than 3 m3 “Lithium metal batteries” have lithium metal or lithium compounds as an anode. The most common type of lithium cell used in consumer applications are primary cells using metallic lithium as anode and manganese dioxide as cathode, with a salt of lithium dissolved in an organic solvent. “Lithium-ion batteries” (sometimes abbreviated Li-ion batteries) are a type of secondary (rechargeable) battery commonly used in consumer electronics. Also included within lithium-ion batteries are lithium polymer batteries. “Lithium battery”: in this manual the term "lithium battery" covers all cells and batteries containing lithium in any form. "Manual of Tests and Criteria" mean the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Tests and Criteria, published by the United Nations. "Overpack" means an enclosure used to contain one or more packages, consolidated into a single unit easier to handle and stow during carriage; "Package" means the complete product of the packing operation, consisting of the packaging and its contents prepared for dispatch.